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People have talked so many things about how to hack the network, but do they remember data communication modeling? do they know how large network hacking scope? or they just know arp spoofing, dns poisoning, and denial of service? To understand complete (nearly?) process network hacking, they have to undestand data communication modeling like DoD (TCP/IP) model or most commonly used OSI model.

By undestanding OSI model concept, knowing all technology related to each OSI layer, and defining each vulnerability which may occurs on each layer they will know how large or how many technology should be assessed on the network or which technology may possesed vulnerability. This presentation try to tell everyone how to understand network hacking from its basic, yeah from OSI model concept. You can read it here!


Can you imagine our indonesian internet core routing to be shutted down? None can browse their email, open facebook, or just search through google. Can you imagine indonesian internet banking stopped working for a while? Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) won’t work to response your request? That’s all just the lowest risk when core routing to be compromised.

Can you imagine when your confidential data to be sniffed without none notice it? Can you imagine when your username and password to be stealed? Oh that’s not big deal huh? But try to imagine your banking transaction to be intercepted and modified, yeah that’s the real fear on digital world. Hell yeah, this paper explains you how that problems are possible. This paper try to tell you how weak our indonesian core routing infrastructure, check it out!





VLAN Hoping Attack

By IPSECS Admin. Posted in Exploitation | Comments Off


VLAN Hopping is an exploitation method used to attack a network with multiple VLANs. It is an attack that involves an attacking system to deploy packets. These packets have a destination of a system on a separate VLAN which would, in normal circumstances, not be accessible by the attacker. VLAN Hopping attacks are primarily conducted within the Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP). Often, VLAN Hopping attacks are directed at the trunking encapsulation protocol (802.1q or ISL).

Malicious traffic used for VLAN Hopping is tagged with a VLAN ID destined outside the VLAN on which the system conducting the attacks belongs to. An attacker can also attempt to behave and look like a switch, which will negotiate trunking, allowing the attacker to not only send, but receive traffic across more than one VLAN.

There are two common methods of VLAN Hopping; Switch Spoofing and Double Tagging.

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Comprehensive Computer Network Security Assessment

By IPSECS Admin. Posted in Management | Comments Off


How secure is your company’s information? In this age of distributed computing and of client-server and Internet-enabled information access, computer security consistently rises to the top of most “important issues” lists.

To answer this question with certainty is difficult. There are no absolutes with security. An important first step for most corporations is a security policy that establishes acceptable behavior. The next, and more critical step, is to enforce that security policy and measure its effectiveness. A security policy is in tension with user convenience, creating forces that move security practices away from security policy. Additionally when new machines or applications are configured the security related issues are often overlooked. Therefore the gap between central policy and decentralized practice can be immense. These are significant tasks, as are identifying problems and taking corrective action on a constantly changing network. Many enterprises typically fall back on blind faith rather than wrestle with the fear of the unknown.

Sources of Risk

In order to assess your true security profile, you must first understand the sources of risk. The most infamous risk is embodied by the external hacker accessing a corporate information systems via the Internet. Traditionally these hackers view breaking into a system as

Comprehensive assessment

mountain climbers view scaling a cliff, for them its the next great challenge. However, as ever increasing numbers of corporations interconnect their information systems successful break-ins become commercially rewarding. Practitioners of industrial espionage now view the computers on the Internet as valuable potential sources of information. Often these “professionals” masquerade as the traditional hacker to disguise their true purposes.

Although the threats from external attacks are real, they are not the principle source of risk. FBI statistics show that more than 60% of computer crimes originate inside the enterprise. These risks can take multiple forms. Unscrupulous employees may be searching for organizational advantages. A disgruntled employee may be co-opted by an industrial espionage agent. Increasingly corporations are turning to contractors for specialized skills or to absorb temporary increases in work-load. These contractors are often given access to the corporate information system and thus they can also present a risk to corporate information.

Lines of Defense for the Corporate Information System

  • Firewalls

Many enterprises erect a firewall as the first and often only line of defense for their information systems. A firewall is a device that controls the flow of communication between internal networks and external networks, such as the Internet. Many corporations assume that, once they have installed a firewall, they have reduced all their network security risks.

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